The era of Baroque music (1600-1750) began when the first operas were written and contrapuntal music became prevalent. Composers from the Baroque era include members of the Bach family, Telemann and Händel. Among these, Johann Sebastian Bach stands first.
The death of Bach signifies the end of the Baroque, and the start of the Classical period. The music of the Classical period (1750-1800) is characterized by homophonic texture, often featuring a prominent melody with accompaniment. Haydn and Mozart are among the central figures of the Classical period.
In 1800, the Romantic era (1800-1890s) in music developed, with Beethoven and Schubert as transitional composers who introduced a more dramatic, expressive style. Bach, Händel, and Mozart were not part of this period, and they are mentioned only so that they appear in the index.